is a member of the European Centre for International Political Economy Advisory Board. He is also a Senior Advisor at Flint Global in London, where he advises companies on international politics, and a Senior Fellow at Renmin University, Beijing and the Hudson Institute in Washington. He was the Portuguese Europe Minister from 2013-2015, and was decorated by Spain and Romania for his services to the government. He received his doctorate in political science from Harvard University, and was a research fellow at the American Enterprise Institute in Washington and the Carnegie Institute in Brussels. He has written for the Financial Times, Politico, the Guardian and Foreign Affairs, and appears regularly on CNN, the BBC, Bloomberg, Al Jazeera and CCTV.