Dmitri Trenin

is a Russian expert on international politics and director of the Carnegie Moscow Center. A former colonel of Russian military intelligence, Trenin served for 21 years in the Soviet Army and Russian Ground Forces, before joining Carnegie in 1994. He received a PhD in History from the Institute of US and Canadian Studies of the Soviet Academy of Sciences, now the Russian Academy of Sciences. He has authored a number of books, including What Is Russia Up To in the Middle East?