Karel Schwarzenberg

is a Czech politician, former leader of the pro-european liberal-conservative TOP 09 party and was its candidate for president of the Czech Republic in the 2013 election. He served as a member of the Chamber of Deputies from 2010 to 2021. He served as Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic from 2007 to 2009 and again from 2010 to 2013. In the early 1990s, Schwarzenberg served as Chancellor to President Václav Havel. Schwarzenberg has been the head of the House of Schwarzenberg, a formerly leading family of the Habsburg empire, since 1979. From 1948 to 1990, he lived in Austria and was involved in Austrian politics and became a noted critic of human-rights violations in the eastern bloc, chairing the International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights. Following the fall of communism, he became a close adviser to Václav Havel and relocated to Prague.