is an economist and sociologist, PhD. Policy Officer in the European Commission, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion. Author of Po co nam Europa? (2009, “What do we need Europe for?”) and Ofiary losu. Inna historia Polski (2017, “Victims of fate. Polish history told differently”). The views expressed in the text are the private views of the author and may not, under any circumstances, be interpreted as stating an official position of the European Commission.